Red wine is prepared not only from red but black and purple grapes. During fermentation the skin of the grapes releases tannins which offer a magnificent red colour its distinct taste. Tannins along with other antioxidants also contribute to the many health benefits of red wine.
Red wine follows a simple process in preparation, the grapes are mashed along with their skin and seeds, this is then combined with additives for preservation and taste and left for fermentation until fully matured after which follows filtering , distillation and bottling where it is left for further ageing. Differences during this process produce a variety of colour and tastes.
Perhaps the most famous varieties of red wines are made in France, Italy and Spain. Although common, most wine makers aspire to meet the extremely high standards set by wines from Burgundy and Bordeaux in France. Chianti from Italy is another example. Wines coming from Rioja and Ribera del Duero from Spain are also among the best in the world.